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Naro, the First Korea Space Launch Vehicle

  • As Korea’s first space launch vehicle, Naro failed in the first launch on August 26, 2009 due to the failure to separate payload fairings at 216 seconds after take-off and failed in the second launch on June 10, 2010 due to an explosion at 137.3 seconds after take-off. It then successfully launched a small 100kg class satellite into the low-earth orbit on January 30, 2013, thereby laying the foundation for launch vehicle independence in Korea.

    The development of Naro provided the opportunity for KARI to acquire know-how throughout the development processes such as the construction of the Naro Space Center, design of the launch vehicle system, assembly of the launch vehicle, and launch operation. Considering the fact that the international environment makes the transfer of launch vehicle engine technology virtually impossible, KARI conducted the preliminary researches of key element technologies such as 30-ton and 75-ton liquid engines and large propellant tanks needed for the independent development of launch vehicles; thus laying the groundwork for the development of the Korea Space Launch Vehicle (Nuri).
    The Naro development project was selected as one of the top 10 scientific and engineering achievements in commemoration of the 70th anniversary of Korea's liberation.

    • Total Length33.5 m (stage 1: 25.8 m, stage 2: 7.7 m)
    • Total Weight130 tons
    • Diameter2.9 m
    • Thrust170-ton liquid engine for stage 1 and 8-ton solid engine for stage 2
    • Launch date(1st) August 25, 2009, (2nd) June 10, 2010, (3rd) January 30, 2013
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